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Muhammad Abduh, Mufti of the Egyptian Realm from 1899 until his death in 1905, is one of the most famous figures in recent Islam. This website is a companion to a new biography of Muhammad Abduh.


  • Some idea of Muhammad Abduh's life and works is given by the above word cloud, which is courtesy of www.wordle.net, and shows the frequency with which words (other than very common ones like "and") appear in the new biography of Muhammad Abduh by Mark Sedgwick, Muhammad Abduh.
  • This website is a companionto that biography:
    • It carries a selection of images.
    • Its companion blog gives
      • suggestions for further reading in addition to those given in the biography.
      • corrections of errors, and notes on such additional material as becomes available.
    • It gives some notes on sources used for the biography, since the biography is in Oneworld's Makers of the Muslim World series, and so has no formal source notes, following the policy of the series.




In Egypt, Muhammad Abduh is now generally remembered as a great scholar and a patriot, a great renewer of Islam, one of those who awakened the nation–though the details of this greatness have grown somewhat fuzzy with time. Among scholars, in the Muslim world and the West, he is known as Islam’s leading modernist. For some, his modernism consisted of creating a synthesis of Islam and modern thought; for others, it consisted of the bridge he built between the old world and the new. Some see him as having revived true Islam, and some see him as having proposed an alternative to true Islam. One question that Muhammad Abduh (Oxford: Oneworld, 2009) attempts to answer, then, is quite what his modernism consisted of. Another question is where his modernism came from, and a final question is what happened to it after his death.





© Mark Sedgwick, 2009